[19], Captain Richard Waterman of Battery C, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery believed that the 10-pounder Parrott rifle was more accurate than the 3-inch Ordnance rifle at 900–1,500 yd (823–1,372 m) range. [32] McCarthy's Richmond Virginia battery consisted of two 10-pounder Parrott rifles and two 6-pounder field guns. Between November 1864 and June 1865, 119 2.9-inch Parrott rifles were converted to 3-inch caliber, though none have survived. Bringing Parrott gun into position on board the "Mendota". The Parrott rifle was a type of muzzle-loading rifled artillery weapon used extensively in the American Civil War. In all, two 80-pounder Whitworths, nine 100-pounder Parrotts, six 200-pounder Parrotts, and a 300-pounder Parrott[10] were deployed. Six Civil War Cannon on a No. He created the first Parrott rifle (and corresponding projectile) in 1860 and patented it in 1861.[2]. A list of many of the surviving tubes can be found at the National Register of Surviving Civil War Artillery. LOC cwpbh.03364.jpg, American Civil War artillery ammunition - IMG 1549.JPG, Base and guns - 7th Ohio Volunter Infantry Regiment Memorial - Woodland Cemetery.jpg, Cannons at Manassas National Battlefield Park.jpg, Civil War artillery Charleston SC waterfront image 1.jpg, Civil War Reenactors and Gordon Highlanders (2392308403).jpg, InsideBatteryStevensMorrisIslandCharleston1863.jpg, Navy Yard on board steamer Ohio (NYPL b11707564-G90F310 019F).tiff, Park of rifled guns & machine shop, Navy Yard, Charlston, Mass (NYPL b11707564-G90F310 069F).tiff, Park of rifled guns & machine shop, Navy Yard, Charlestown, Mass (NYPL b11707564-G90F310 070F).tiff, Park of rifled guns & machine shop, Navy Yard, Charlestown, Mass (NYPL b11707564-G90F310 071F).tiff, Soldiers Circle, Buffalo, N.Y (NYPL b12647398-70056).tiff, Parrot guns in the battery Martir Olaya after the battle of chorrillos 1881.jpg, Parrott rifle 01 - 7th OVI Memorial - Woodland Cemetery.jpg, The photographic history of the Civil War - thousands of scenes photographed 1861-65, with text by many special authorities (1911) (14762890385).jpg, The photographic history of the Civil War - thousands of scenes photographed 1861-65, with text by many special authorities (1911) (14762937085).jpg, On deck of Gunboat. test to visit and discover it priced honest get a whole lot no cost transport purchase. The Parrott Rifle designed by Robert Parker Parrott in 1860 went on to become the most popular field gun, used by both sides during the American Civil War. [4] Parrott later remarked, "I do not profess to think that they are the best gun in the world, but I think they were the best practical thing that could be got at the time". inches. [2], In 1836, when Robert Parker Parrott was an ordnance officer in the US Army, he resigned to take a job with the West Point Foundry in Cold Spring, New York. [11], The Washington Republican described the technical accomplishments of the 10-in Parrott:[11]. This meant that the final impulse on the shell as it left the gun was on its base, potentially causing the shell to wobble. [23] Each 6-gun battery required 14 6-horse teams and seven spare horses. [8], The West Point Foundry manufactured between 228 and 255 2.9-inch 10-pounder Parrott rifles, Model 1861 through the end of 1862. The gunpowder charge weighed 1.0 lb (0.5 kg) and fired the projectile with a muzzle velocity of 1,230 ft/s (375 m/s) to a distance of 1,850 yd (1,692 m) at 5° elevation. The cast iron made for an accurate gun, but was brittle enough to suffer fractures. In March 1865, a memo recommended that each chest carry 30 shell, 15 shrapnel, and five canister rounds for rifled guns of the horse artillery. Midway through the war, the Federal government discontinued the 2.9 in (74 mm) version in favor of a 3.0 in (76 mm) version. Its range was up to 2,000 yards (1,800 m) with a trained crew. Artillery, Battery B wrote, "If anything could justify desertion by a cannoneer, it would be assignment to a Parrott battery". The rifling consisted of three equally-wide lands and grooves. [26] A memo from November 1863 specified that rifled guns should have 25 shells, 20 shrapnel (case shot), and five canister rounds in each ammunition chest. With rifled cannon, the ammunition was designed to expand the shell so that there was no windage between the projectile and the gun barrel. [6] One artillery officer reported that the Parrott percussion shells performed very well with only two shells failing to explode out of about 30. During battles when the Parrott gun would burst, artillerists would chip out the jagged parts and continue firing. No.2 - NARA - 533287.tif, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Parrott_rifles&oldid=310610024, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Confederate officer Edward Porter Alexander wanted to get rid of his 10-pounder Parrott rifles and replace them with M1841 24-pounder howitzers. and remained invisible in flight. [3] The twist rate was one turn in 16 ft (4.9 m). However, a rifled projectile could become visible if the shell began to tumble out of control. Because its projectile weighed more than a 6-pound round shot, the rifle's greater recoil could damage the trail or the cheek pieces of the carriage.

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